Saturday, September 08, 2007

Basics of CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation)

In our day to day life, We may face with emergency situations when a person near might collapse or stop breathing and you don't know what to do. So I am jotting down some basics of Resuscitation, which everyone must know.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, commonly called CPR, combines rescue breathing (one person breathing into another person) and chest compression in a lifesaving procedure performed when a person has stopped breathing or a person's heart has stopped beating.
When performed quickly enough, CPR can save lives in such emergencies as loss of consciousness, heart attacks or heart attacks, electric shock, drowning, excessive bleeding, drug overdose, and other conditions in which there is no breathing or no pulse. The purpose of CPR is to bring oxygen to the victim's lungs and to keep blood circulating so oxygen gets to every part of the body. When a person is deprived of oxygen, permanent brain damage can begin in as little as four minutes and death can follow only minutes later.

In our Medical practice, We have been thought to always remember the " ABCs of Resuscitation". It means first you look for the A- Airway, then B- Breathing and finally C- Circulation. Airway Implies to check whether any object, foreign body or food material is blocking the Oral cavity, Air passage or the structures nearby. Breathing is checked by putting your ears or hand in front of the patient's nose, if present u will feel the warm gush of air. And Finally Circulation implies whether the patient's heart is pumping blood to other parts of the body which is felt by checking the pulse, preferably the 'Carotid Pulse' in the Neck. Every time the Resuscitation done should be in this order, which is vital for survival.

CPR in basic life support
Always First step if you see any victim who has collapsed, immediately call for Medical Help.
In the meanwhile, you can resuscitate the victim as shown in the adjoining picture.

Figure A: The victim should be flat on his back and his mouth should be checked for debris, foreign body etc.
Figure B: If the victim is unconscious, open airway, lift neck, and tilt head back.
Figure C: If victim is not breathing, begin artificial breathing. It is done by closing the victim's nose with one hand, with the other hand open the victim's mouth, take a deep breath and blow into the victim's mouth directly as shown in the figure. Give four quick full breaths.
Figure D: Check for carotid pulse.
Figure E: If pulse is absent, begin artificial circulation by depressing the central bone of chest called Sternum.
Remember while giving the thrust on Sternum you should use your heel of the hand and keep your elbows straight. The thrust should be directly from the shoulders. Take precaution that you don't press too forcibly or else you will break the rib of the patient. The sternum should be pumped at a rate about 100/min with sternum sufficiently depressed up to 4-5 cm
Figure F: Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation of an infant.
The Resuscitation is conventionally given in the form of 2 successive breaths for every 15 chest compressions

I hope this might have given you some idea of resuscitation, If you have further doubts, I will be grateful to help.

17 cared to comment:

akanksha on 11:05 PM said...

hmmmm...heard of this...even seen in movies but i never thought it could actually be live saving.An eye-opener post ofr me.Thanks Doc:-)

s.H.a.S.h.I on 11:17 PM said...

ya can be life saving at times.. i thought people shud know./.

`NEFTY on 3:01 AM said...

Nice stuff here:]

`NEFTY on 11:48 PM said...

You're welcome!

KAYLEE on 2:54 AM said...

nice blog:)

mureli on 6:48 PM said...

good stuff...
hope to hear more like this... ;)

samrina on 12:59 PM said...

Informative post!!

Hope you're fine there.

Take care

s.H.a.S.h.I on 1:02 PM said...

@ samrina..
ya im fine.. whts up wid u.. thanks for posting..

Noushy Syah on 6:45 PM said...

YOOOO...hehhehhe

Wazzup doc? Bz with CPR? tehehehhehe not to forget the precautions yea, hikss...

BTW I read your comment in Samrina's blog,you could mail us if you're interested, would be gr8 to have a doc in the house..and one more thing,

I've tagged you on 8 habits/facts randomly about yourself...when you've free time do visit my blog yea...I think it's fun too coz we could briefly know about our friends...

Cheers! See you in WUB...

Noushy Syah on 6:47 PM said...

p/s I must say, that this is good for non-para medics pple! keep up the good work...

Noushy Syah on 9:48 PM said...

Ohh does anoushka sounds like Indian name?

emmm I dunno about that but..in Hebrew: Anoushka - Grace & Favour and my full name is Maliha Anoushka
, it's a combination of Malay/Arabic and Hebrew...that's what my mum told me.

p/s it seems ANoushka also from Russian name...and there is a famous singer in Egypt by the name of ANoushka, she's Egyptian.

Cheers...

Sudeshna on 11:25 PM said...

Very Informative. Good work Shashi.
- Sudeshna.

Bhel Puri & Seekh Kabab on 9:15 AM said...

Hey Doc, nice post. Btw, I have seen a few stories recently about how chest compression may be a better alternative to mouth-to-mouth. Comments?
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/03/16/health/webmd/main2579427.shtml

BPSK

Aarthi on 12:08 PM said...

Hey Sashi...this one was really informative...but it fears me a bit...coz what if I do sumthin wrong n kill the person who's still half alive...i was a bio student in school..but inspite of tht I fear a lil. Wat do u say?

s.H.a.S.h.I on 12:18 PM said...

@ aarthi
if u dnt try .. the person will definitely die... think bout it. even if u do nytin wrong .. at most u can break person's rib , while givin chest compressions.. and thts not tht grave situation.. so need not worry..

preetilata on 10:14 PM said...

u r a gr8 blogger.. a gr8 doc..n top of all this u r a good n responsible human bng..kp up d gr8 job..may god bless u

tk cr

:) :) :)

s.H.a.S.h.I on 10:34 PM said...

thanks for those nice comments preetilata... nice to hear good comments from pro bloggers... :)

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